How does literature review help in research

What Is a Literature Review?

Published on February 22, by Shona McCombes. Revised on October 13, A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methodsand gaps in the existing research. Writing a literature review involves finding relevant publications such as books and journal articlescritically analyzing them, and explaining what you found.

There are five key steps:. Table of contents Why write a literature review? When you write a thesis, how does literature review help in researchor research paperyou will have to conduct a literature review celts facts primary homework help situate your research within existing knowledge.

The literature review gives you a chance to:. You how does literature review help in research also careers on creative writing to write a literature review as a stand-alone assignment. In this case, the purpose is to evaluate the current state of research and demonstrate your knowledge of scholarly debates around a topic. The content will look slightly different in each case, but the process of conducting a literature review follows the same steps.

Before you begin searching for literature, you need a clearly defined topic. If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions.

If you are writing a literature review as a stand-alone assignment, you will have to choose a focus and develop q significa doing homework central question to direct your search.

Unlike a dissertation research question, this question has to be answerable without collecting original data. You should be able to answer it based only on a review of existing publications. Start by creating a list of keywords related to your research question.

You can add to this list if you discover new keywords in the process of your literature search. Use your keywords to begin searching for sources. Some useful databases to search for journals and articles include:. Read the abstract to find out whether an article is relevant to your question. When you find a useful book or article, you can check the bibliography to find other relevant sources.

To identify the most important publications on your topic, take note of recurring citations. If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out. Make sure the sources you use are credibleand make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research.

You can find out how many times an article has civil service writing a personal statement cited on Google Scholar — a high citation count means the how does literature review help in research has been influential in the field, and should certainly be included in your literature review. The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a how does literature review help in research historical perspective for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time.

As you read, you should also begin the writing process. Take notes that you can later incorporate into the text of your literature review. It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism. It can be helpful to make an annotated bibliographywhere you compile full citation information and write a paragraph of summary and analysis for each source.

This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process. Based on your reading and notes, you can look for:. This step will help you work out the structure of your literature review and if applicable show how your own research will contribute to existing knowledge. There are various approaches to organizing the body of a literature review. You should have a rough idea of your strategy before you start writing.

Depending on the length of your literature how does literature review help in research, you can combine several of these strategies for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically.

The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order.

Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred. If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic. For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.

If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methodsyou might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches.

For example:. A literature review is often the foundation for a how does literature review help in research framework. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. You might argue for the relevance of how does literature review help in research specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research.

Like any other academic textyour literature review should have an introductiona main how does literature review help in research, and a conclusion. What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review. Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections.

You can use a subheading for degree essay writing service theme, time period, or methodological approach. Example of a paragraph in a literature review Body image issues have how does literature review help in research widely associated with social media usage, particularly in young women. The relation between media depictions and body image concerns is well-established; a meta-analysis by Grabe, Ward and Hyde concluded that exposure to mass media is linked to body image dissatisfaction among women.

However, in an era of rapidly changing digital technologies, the mass media paradigm is no longer adequate for understanding how people engage with images, and the findings of older studies like this one may not be generalizable to younger generations. In light of this changing landscape, researchers have become increasingly interested in the specific effects of social media.

Perloff theorizes that the interactive aspects of social media may influence its how does literature review help in research on body image, and mentions that young women are among the most active social media users.

Across these studies, there is consistent evidence that body image issues are influenced not by social media usage in general, but by engagement with the visual and interactive aspects of these platforms. Nonetheless, there is a lack of robust research on more highly visual social media HVSM such as Instagram and Snapchat that have gained more recent popularity among younger generations. In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance.

Our quick guide to proofreading offers some useful tips and tricks! This article has been adapted into lecture slides that you can use to teach your students about writing a literature review.

A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources such as how does literature review help in research, journal articles, and theses related to a specific topic how does literature review help in research research question.

It is often written as part of a thesis, dissertationor research paperin order to situate your work in relation to existing knowledge. There are several reasons to conduct a literature review at the beginning of a research project:. Writing the literature review shows your reader how your work relates to existing research and what new insights it will contribute.

The literature review usually comes near creative writing prompts year 7 beginning of your thesis or dissertation.

After the introductionit grounds your research in a scholarly field and leads directly to your theoretical framework or methodology. Thanks Shona for your nice and insightful article. I have started taking preparation just a few days ago, so this article enlightened me very much. I have a question: When should we cite an article? I found the write up very much helpful.

As I am in the writing phase of my mphil dissertation ,now my concept is clear about literature review. This is a really useful article. I started the reading this with nothing in mind. Thank you. I cannot thank you enough for this helpful how does literature review help in research of the literature review writing.

I am so happy after reading this, and I hope I can write a good literature review by following it steps. It's a good idea to start by narrowing down a specific research problem and writing a problem statement. By doing this, you can identify the most important concepts and terms, and use these to start building a list of keywords for your literature search. Your aim is to get an overview of what research has been done on the same problem, what other researchers have found, and what is still missing from knowledge.

That helps you decide the best approach for your own research. I found the article very resourceful and has clarified some of my worries. Please can you help me indicate how to handle intext citations when dealing with so many sources at the price essay on the picturesque time?

I am grateful. Concordia university mfa creative writing exact rules for in-text citations depend on the citation style you're following, but you how does literature review help in research usually cite multiple sources in one set of parentheses at the end of a sentence when relevant.

I'd literally be lost with out you!!! Thanks so much, this was informative and easy to understand. I feel better prepared to type up my literature review. I'm about to start my literature how to become a resume writing service journey and this team has made it a lot easier. I don't do this usually.

Super helpful! I love the step by step concept, the examples, it really helps students a lot. This is a great source of information. Is there any way to start? When you are carrying Research studies, there are different literature that need to be review. How old or professional grad school essay writers age of such Literature that the researcher may rely upon?

In other words, what is the age of literature that may not be reviewed?



How does literature review help in research



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How is doing a research literature review similar to doing a qualitative study

Concordia University. On this page. What is a literature review The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic.

Purpose of the literature review The purpose of the literature review is to provide a critical written account of the current state of research on a selected topic: Identifies areas of prior scholarship Places each source in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the specific issue, area of research, or theory under review. Describes the relationship of each source to the others that you have selected Identifies new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in, previous research Points the way forward for further research.

Components of the literature review The literature review should include the following: Objective of the literature review Overview of the subject under consideration. Clear categorization of sources selected into those in support of your particular position, those opposed, and those offering completely different arguments. Discussion of both the distinctiveness of each source and its similarities with the others. Steps in the literature review process Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps: Define your subject and the scope of the review.

Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic. Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand see the Evaluating sources section. Before you begin searching for literature, you need a clearly defined topic. If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions.

If you are writing a literature review as a stand-alone assignment, you will have to choose a focus and develop a central question to direct your search. Unlike a dissertation research question, this question has to be answerable without collecting original data. You should be able to answer it based only on a review of existing publications. Start by creating a list of keywords related to your research question. You can add to this list if you discover new keywords in the process of your literature search.

Use your keywords to begin searching for sources. Some useful databases to search for journals and articles include:. Read the abstract to find out whether an article is relevant to your question. When you find a useful book or article, you can check the bibliography to find other relevant sources. To identify the most important publications on your topic, take note of recurring citations.

If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out. Make sure the sources you use are credible , and make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research.

You can find out how many times an article has been cited on Google Scholar — a high citation count means the article has been influential in the field, and should certainly be included in your literature review. The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a long historical perspective for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time.

As you read, you should also begin the writing process. Take notes that you can later incorporate into the text of your literature review. It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism. It can be helpful to make an annotated bibliography , where you compile full citation information and write a paragraph of summary and analysis for each source. This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process. Based on your reading and notes, you can look for:.

This step will help you work out the structure of your literature review and if applicable show how your own research will contribute to existing knowledge. There are various approaches to organizing the body of a literature review. You should have a rough idea of your strategy before you start writing. Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically.

The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order.

Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred. If you have found some recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic.

For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access. If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methods , you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches. For example:. A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework.

You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research.

Like any other academic text , your literature review should have an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion. What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review. Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections.

You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach. Example of a paragraph in a literature review Body image issues have been widely associated with social media usage, particularly in young women.

The relation between media depictions and body image concerns is well-established; a meta-analysis by Grabe, Ward and Hyde concluded that exposure to mass media is linked to body image dissatisfaction among women.

However, in an era of rapidly changing digital technologies, the mass media paradigm is no longer adequate for understanding how people engage with images, and the findings of older studies like this one may not be generalizable to younger generations.

In light of this changing landscape, researchers have become increasingly interested in the specific effects of social media. Perloff theorizes that the interactive aspects of social media may influence its impact on body image, and mentions that young women are among the most active social media users. Across these studies, there is consistent evidence that body image issues are influenced not by social media usage in general, but by engagement with the visual and interactive aspects of these platforms.

Nonetheless, there is a lack of robust research on more highly visual social media HVSM such as Instagram and Snapchat that have gained more recent popularity among younger generations. In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance. Our quick guide to proofreading offers some useful tips and tricks!

This article has been adapted into lecture slides that you can use to teach your students about writing a literature review. A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources such as books, journal articles, and theses related to a specific topic or research question.

It is often written as part of a thesis, dissertation , or research paper , in order to situate your work in relation to existing knowledge. There are several reasons to conduct a literature review at the beginning of a research project:. Writing the literature review shows your reader how your work relates to existing research and what new insights it will contribute.

The literature review usually comes near the beginning of your thesis or dissertation. After the introduction , it grounds your research in a scholarly field and leads directly to your theoretical framework or methodology.

Thanks Shona for your nice and insightful article. I have started taking preparation just a few days ago, so this article enlightened me very much. I have a question: When should we cite an article? I found the write up very much helpful. As I am in the writing phase of my mphil dissertation ,now my concept is clear about literature review. This is a really useful article. I started the reading this with nothing in mind.

Thank you. I cannot thank you enough for this helpful description of the literature review writing. I am so happy after reading this, and I hope I can write a good literature review by following it steps. It's a good idea to start by narrowing down a specific research problem and writing a problem statement. By doing this, you can identify the most important concepts and terms, and use these to start building a list of keywords for your literature search. Your aim is to get an overview of what research has been done on the same problem, what other researchers have found, and what is still missing from knowledge.

That helps you decide the best approach for your own research. I found the article very resourceful and has clarified some of my worries. Please can you help me indicate how to handle intext citations when dealing with so many sources at the same time? I am grateful. The exact rules for in-text citations depend on the citation style you're following, but you can usually cite multiple sources in one set of parentheses at the end of a sentence when relevant.

I'd literally be lost with out you!!! Thanks so much, this was informative and easy to understand. I feel better prepared to type up my literature review. I'm about to start my literature review journey and this team has made it a lot easier. I don't do this usually.. Super helpful! I love the step by step concept, the examples, it really helps students a lot..

This is a great source of information. Is there any way to start? When you are carrying Research studies, there are different literature that need to be review. How old or what age of such Literature that the researcher may rely upon? In other words, what is the age of literature that may not be reviewed?

There isn't a universal answer to this question — it really depends on your field of study and the topic you're researching. For example, in scientific research, you would normally focus on recent literature; in the humanities, you're more likely to include important older works.

But in general, if a source is still considered accurate and contains relevant knowledge about your topic, you can include it in your literature review as long as you have a clear reason for doing so. It depends on which citation style you're following.

May i ask why a literature review is so important to compile Unlike some of the other well-known "reviews" e. Instead, they summarize and critically assess a body of scholarly literature from a relatively objective perspective. Writing a literature review is a rigorous process, requiring a thorough evaluation of the quality and findings of each source discussed.

Writing a literature review is a time-consuming process that requires extensive research and critical analysis. While specific style guidelines vary among disciplines, all literature reviews are well-researched and organized. Use the following strategies as a guide as you embark on the writing process. Writing a literature review takes time, patience, and a whole lot of intellectual energy.

As you pore over countless academic articles, consider all the researchers who preceded you and those who will follow.

How to write a literature review

Feb 22,  · When you write a thesis, dissertation, or research paper, you will have to conduct a literature review to situate your research within existing knowledge. The literature review gives you a chance to: Demonstrate your familiarity with the topic and scholarly context Develop a theoretical framework and methodology for your research. Aug 11,  · As you begin to investigate and evaluate scholarly literature on your topic, you may find it necessary to revise your original research question based on what you learn. Be sure to expand your literature search to include any new concepts you may identify along the helpmeessay.online: Thad Dickinson. Aug 10,  · By the same token, a review of previously conducted studies might lend itself to researchers determining a new angle for approaching research. Upon completion of the literature review, a researcher should have a solid foundation of knowledge in the area and a good feel for the direction any new research should helpmeessay.online: Maria Atilano.


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