Structural devices in creative writing

Structural Elements: The Basic Tools of the Writer Part 1

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Structural devices in creative writing

Discover six logical writing structures that can help you find more success with every piece of writing, whether it's a query letter, short story, news article, or blog post.

Every piece of writing, whether it is a cover letter for a job application, a news article, or a fictional short story, has its own structure. Think of structure as the skeleton of a piece of writing. It is the bare bones of the piece, all connected to form a solid, uniform foundation upon which you, the writer and the creator, will build something unique. Humans, for example, all have nearly identical basic skeletons. However, it's everything that goes on top of those skeletons—the muscles, the facial features, the shape, the curves, the personality, and even the clothes and accessories—that makes each human unique.

How to write a five-paragraph essay that works. Remember being assigned five-paragraph essays on your first day back to grade school every fall? They'd usually be titled "What I Did This Summer," and they'd be assigned to have an introduction, three supporting paragraphs making up the body of the work, and a conclusion. This general format is the root of the six common writing structures that can be used for both formal and informal written communication. This course guides beginning and intermediate writers through elements of how to write a personal essay, helping them identify values expressed in their stories and to bring readers into the experiences described.

Click to continue. In a categorical structure, a series of equally important topics are addressed. A political speech, like a campaign speech or even The State of the Union Address, is a good example of categorical writing. You might use a similar structure in a cover letter for a job application, in which you describe all of your traits that would make you an ideal candidate for the position.

In an evaluative structure, a problem is introduced, and then pros and cons are weighed. You might employ an evaluative structure when writing an e-mail to ask a close friend for advice. When your focus is more the actual telling of the story than the end result, employ a chronological structure. Think of joke telling.

Similarly, most short stories and novels are written chronologically. This structure is similar to evaluative, but it is used when there are more layers to the situation at hand that is being weighed. You might use a comparative structure if you were writing a speech for a debate team to explain the various reasons why you feel your point is stronger than your opponent's.

Or you might use a comparative structure to write a letter to the editor explaining all the reasons you disagree with the city council's decision to raise local taxes. This structure is similar to Chronological, but is normally employed with a how-to voice when a step-by-step process is being described.

If you were going to write about how to make your famous chocolate layer cake, or how to get to a great bed-and-breakfast you discovered out in the country, you would write sequentially, using words like, "First," "Next," "Then," and "Finally" to clarify your instructions. This structure might at first glance seem similar to Comparative structures, but it differs in that it does not involve weighing options against one another.

Instead, it discusses the causes and then the effects regarding a particular topic or issue in that order. You might use this structure if you were writing an article on how something has come about, such as the contributing factors to air pollution. Or you might employ this technique in a letter explaining why you have decided to resign from your job. Now that you know about the different kinds of structures, start paying attention to the skeletons of all the pieces of writing around you.

The next time you flip through a magazine in a doctor's waiting room, or skim through a weekly e-newsletter that you subscribe to, or even read a letter from a friend, take some time to x-ray the writing and see how its bare bones are connected.

Good writers hone their skills by being constantly aware of what they're reading. Do you remember the difference between the 8 parts of speech, and how to use them?

Are you comfortable with punctuation and mechanics? No matter what type of writing you do, mastering the fundamentals of grammar and mechanics is an important first-step to having a successful writing career. Welcome to the first installment of a new series! There's always so much happening in the Writer's Digest universe that even staff members have trouble keeping up. So we're going to start collecting what's on the horizon to make it easier for everyone to know what's happening and when.

Bestselling historical romance author Lenora Bell discusses researching, avoiding info-dumps while still charming readers, and how her latest book was inspired by her life. Romance author Michelle Major explains her three go-to tips for ensuring your characters have believable chemistry. No one wants to break the bank to learn how to write a screenplay. Jeanne Veillette Bowerman shares practical tips on saving money on the pursuit of a screenwriting career. Here are 10 epic quotes from Watership Down, by Richard Adams.

The story of a group of rabbits who escape an impending danger to find a new home, Watership Down is filled with moments of survival, faith, friendship, fear, and hope. Every good story needs a nice or not so nice turn or two to keep it interesting. This week, it's fighting time. John Grisham once admitted that this article from helped him write his thrillers.

In it, author Brian Garfield shares his go-to advice for creating great suspense fiction. In this article, author, writing coach, and copywriter David Pennington teaches you the simple secrets of excellent copywriting. Write Better Fiction. Short Story. Writing Techniques. Write Better Nonfiction. Personal Writing. Historical Books. Travel Books. Business Books. Humor in Nonfiction.

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A Writer’s Cheatsheet to Plot and Structure

Storytelling has earned its stripes in the complex, abstract and often misrepresented world of Content Strategy. Rather than being simply deemed as a poetic take on content creation and communication, storytelling and its associated features have come to play a very functional and insightful role in content strategy.

Creative writing is often perceived as frivolous, imagination-driven entertainment as opposed to the highly structured, highly focused writing it is. Plot, pace and characterisation are meticulously detailed tools, and are features just as relevant to the world of content strategy as say playwriting.

Many of the principles of creative writing can be adapted and utilised to plan, create and communicate meaning via content. User experience and the emotional design are moving up the ranks when it comes to website planning, so it only makes sense to consider the role of content in this.

Creative writing gifts the world of content strategy a host of tools and frameworks that can enhance and develop new practices and forms of content for use across the board.

Social media, marketing campaigns and website content can benefit in the long-term from a content strategy that is rooted in meaning, relevant to audiences and that invests in the importance of brand story and user interaction.

Gaps are your friends, if you see one, so will your audience. This storytelling principle can help you develop a narrative with the audience at its centre, as opposed to giving them the afterthought treatment. A good narrative typically revolves around a customer problem followed by presentation of different solutions, topped off with the benefits of its eventual resolution.

Quest Narratives are an engaging yet highly functional way of tracking multiple boxes at once. Pace and timing really do go hand in hand. Presenting milestones for meaning and directing the audience to such is a fine art, dependant on well constructed content and experiences. And the same rules of attraction and trust apply.

A great way to align content with this pace and timing is to create an Experience Map. A combination of an UX strategy and editorial calendar, this Experience Map outlines the roles that content plays in these experiences, setting mini-goals in the journeys laid at the feet of the user. Characters are the perfect way of embodying all of the above without making business objectives too obvious or impersonal. Look at Old Spice. Targeting women, this new brand character went viral and become as synonymous with the brand as its classic white bottle is.

Shareability and social media friendliness were non-existent factors 20 years ago, but now these probably top the list. Creating a character that targets your market, holds attention and encompasses brand values is worth its weight in gold. Character doesn't have to be a person or solo representative.

Your company can become a character in itself. Some brands instil their content with such honesty and sincerity that their brand or product is sold merely on its history. Jack Daniels and denim masters Hiut Denim , are such brands that characterise their origins and the people that represent their unique ethos.

The best brand stories are the result of consistency, original delivery and honesty. As like all good stories, the most memorable one are the ones we adopt and share.

Brand stories have little resemblance to their traditional siblings. The need to be concentrated, flexible and less open to varied interpretation. Although still very much the emotional heart of a brand, its story needs to perform and stand the test of not only time, but medium too.

This is where the tricks and tools of the creative writing trade preserve the human engagement of a story while meeting the practical, business-driven aims of a company.

Nic is a freelance copywriter based in Glasgow; she believes that no matter what the medium, brief or platform, using the perfect words in the best possible way can create a story, a natural communication between people, their ideas and the rest of the world. You can learn more about Nic over on her [beautiful] website , and you can also follow her on Twitter. Why GatherContent? Increase productivity. Content Hub. Bring your team together when you organise, plan and produce content in one platform.

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All Resources. Content Creation. Content Operations. We design our structure of storytelling in order to present the story in a palatable, clear and exciting progression that will engage and draw the reader through to the end. We might decide that the story will begin in the present and remain there; that it might begin in the past and move between past and present in order to illuminate the meaning of the story in a way the reader can follow; that it might be a linear, chronological progression or that it might move in time and place in order to present information from different characters and times to make the whole understandable.

A part of structure are the points of view we use, from which characters the story will be told, and the tenses required for each shift from the present to past. Structural design often comes intuitively for short stories and sometimes for longer works. The more complex the story, the more care needs to be taken with structure because the penalty will be a lot of rewriting if halfway through it dawns that clarity would be easier if the story is presented in a different framework!

Points of view are usually determined by the type of story, sometimes by the genre or expectations of the proposed readers, sometimes by the need for clarity. A simple story with a few characters, or events seen by a single character, lends itself to first person and third limited. The more complicated the story, the less well these points of view work as events out of the view of the main character must remain hidden to the reader as well.

Complex, multi-character, multi-thread storylines require a well-designed structure and clearly shown, multiple character viewpoints to get all the information to the reader as smoothly and invisibly as possible.

Style covers tone, mood, sentence structure, story structure, point of view, rhythm and narrative voice and distance. Styles are developed and refined with practice, though they may appear and be distinctive from the first word set down on paper. How you write, how you express yourself, is your style. Many writers change their styles to suit different genres.

Writing a noir-PI mystery may demand a different style from writing an historical romance or a high-tech action story. Some writers have an ocean of ideas to pursue in a single style, while others love the diversity of writing in many styles. Style is also influenced by narrative distance in the point of view to greater or lesser extents.

Characters are what will keep a reader turning the pages. Creating characters requires two things to master successfully. A genuine interest and curiosity in and about people.

The observational skills to bring to life the minutiae of every day life, extraordinary events and the reactions of people under both circumstances. Well-drawn characters are people. They are, like any other person, laden with their history, their experiences, the way those experiences impacted them and directed them. They have families, flaws, strengths, interests, opinions and their own inborn natures. Engaging readers with your characters means letting them in, letting them get to know the characters and fall in love, a little bit or a lot, with them.

Above all else, your characters are making a journey through this story. They, like us, might begin with one opinion of the status quo, and end up with another, changed and taught by their experiences. Most of the events we go through on a daily basis do not provide epiphanies and life-changing impacts, but each does have its own impact and the culmination of events, large and small, create changes in outlooks, in opinions, in self-regard and in the needful refinement of our recognition of getting closer to what we want.

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15 divine devices to drastically improve your writing

"lengthy suspended grammatical structure." A writer may create suspense by a definite statement that something important is about to happen later in his story, like this: Cre8tive: 8 Great Literary Devices to Improve Your Creative Writing."." 12 (" writing; ."." ".". Structural devices include: story arc – has a beginning, a middle and an end, usually with a crisis point that is resolved in the end flash-back – the main narrative takes place in one time, but there are episodes from the past circular narrative – the last line of a piece takes you back to the. Structure Device. Simple Sentences. Effect: Used to create a dramatic effect such tension. It also might suggest fear and fast-paced action or thoughts. Long Complex Sentences. Effect: Can be used to add lots of descriptive detail; or for a character it can be like a stream of consciousness in which they reveal all their thoughts.

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